How Do I Stop My Jack Russell From Peeing In The House – House Training A Jack Russell Puppy

That’s a good question. How to house train a Jack Russell puppy is one of the most daunting tasks you’ll face as a dog owner. However, because Jack Russells are so intelligent, house training a Jack Russell puppy can be accomplished easily and quickly if you follow some basic guidelines.

Puppies 8-10 Weeks Old

Depending on how old your puppy is, you may be expecting too much. If your puppy is too young, physically, he may not be able to hold his bowels. Most dogs come to their new homes 8-10 weeks of age. At this stage, they are unable to hold their bladder for an entire night and they have to be taken out every few hours.

If your JRT is less than 6 months old, be prepared that you’re going to have less than perfect compliance to house training and that you’ll have accidents at times. Be patient and stay positive.

Getting Started

First, and foremost, if you really want learn how to house train a Jack Russell puppy, you have to be willing to take at least 2 weeks off work. Why? Because you’ll need to keep watch over your pup very carefully so that you can sense when he has to pee and then intercede.

Designate His Own Space

Designate a space just for your JRT. Make it a space where the floor is easy to clean. This will be his play and sleep area. It should be an area that can be easily closed off and small enough to be manageable.

This will be your terrier’s “room” until house training gets under way and until you introduce the crate. Get him a blanket – perferably one with your scent on it, a bowl of water and some toys, and keep it in his new “room.”

Don’t Let Home Roam Free

If you’re serious about house training a Jack Russell puppy, and want fast results, your Jack Russell can’t have free access to the house until he’s fully house trained.

I know that sounds cruel, but there’s a good reason for this kind of rigid restriction in the beginning. If you give your dog free reign of the house, he’ll pee all over the place. You won’t have an opportunity to intercept him and take him to the appropriate place you want him to eliminate – which is outside.

When you’re learning how to house train a Jack Russell puppy you’re going to be asked to do a lot of things that seem cruel to your dog at first. But you’ve got to trust the process and do what you’re asked to do if you want results.

Keep Your Eyes on Him Every Minute

Your job is to watch your pup like a hawk. If you have to wash dishes, tie a tether to him, this way he can only go so far and you can still catch him in the act if he starts to go to the bathroom.

During Jack Russell house training, it’s important that you catch your dog in the act, pick him up and take him outside so that he associates grass, dirt and cement, with going to the bathroom.

Be Prepared to Make a Lot of Potty Trips

If you can’t stay home with your puppy for two weeks, find someone who can. The more you’re able to catch your dog in the act and pick him up and take him outside when he has to pee or poop, the faster he’ll become house trained.

Buy a Crate

I know you think it’s cruel to put a dog in a crate. But really, dogs love the idea of having a den. They like to curl up in corners and hide. It comforts them. So a crate to them is like their own home.

The Purpose of the Crate

The purpose of the crate is to teach your dog that it’s his safe haven and that he shouldn’t soil in it. So how does this help with house training?

Dogs hate to sleep where they poop.

So when your dog is in his crate at night and he starts to whine, it’s a sign he has to go to the bathroom. Take him out immediately to the backyard and let him do his business. Then praise him – even if it is 2:00 a.m.!

By the way, if you’re in the house but can’t watch your puppy, you can put him in the crate. But only leave him in there 2-3 hours. Then take him out to go potty.

What Size Crate Should You Get?

Your crate shouldn’t be so big that your puppy has tons of room to move around. If that happens, he’ll just go to one end and use it as his bathroom. We want to avoid that. Get a crate that’s big enough for him to stretch and stand in.

Don’t leave him in his crate all night either with no way to relieve himself! Remember, if he’s under 6 months, he still hasn’t developed strong bladder muscles.

When Should He Go Potty?

There are three times a puppy most needs to relieve himself:

1. When he first wakes up

2. After he’s eaten.

3. After vigorous play

If you pay close attention to your puppy, you’ll sense when he has to go potty, and you’ll start taking him before he exhibits the symptoms.

Your Jack Russell will also need to go potty right before bedtime and a couple of times during the night.

Remember, your puppy is still learning and doing the best he can. When he does have accidents, and he will, don’t yell at him, rub his nose in it (that doesn’t work) or hit him. You’ll just frighten him. Praise him for the great job he does when he does go potty in the right place!

Ataxia – Any Puppy or Dog Can Have or Get It

The word ataxia comes from the Greek. It means lack of order. It can show up in a puppy or dog, from the age of 3-4 weeks old to its senior years. It is a neurological disorder; producing a steady degeneration of a animal’s motor skills and mobility. In essence, it affects their coordination and balance.

Three Types of Ataxia

The three forms of ataxia are interconnected. They include:

Cerebellar Ataxia is the degeneration of the cerebellum’s cortex. It can and usually does affect other motor skills, most often starting with the head and neck then progresses to the limbs. The puppy or dog may position themselves at a wide stance to keep their balance, goose step their front legs (high step), appears to be stepping over things that are not there, they will in all probability have head and body tremors, and torso sways.

Sensory Ataxia occurs when the spinal cord is slowly and progressively compressed. It affects the dog’s ability to sense precisely where their limbs are and how to coordinate them; causing them to be unable to stand and/or walk with a wobbly, uncoordinated gait.

Vestibular Ataxia begins with the central and/or peripheral nervous system. It occurs when messages from the inner ear to the brain are scrambled. Usually the dog has a misleading sense of movement and/or hearing impairment. To compensate they often tilt their head, lean on people or objects to steady themselves, tip over, fall or roll over. The earliest signs is often noticed when the animal changes in how they move their head and neck.

When it affects the animal’s trunk, they may appear to walk just great, in a straight line, but stumble, stagger or even fall on quick, unexpected turns.

Signs and Symptoms to Watch For

A telltale sign there is a problem, is often exaggerated movements and changes in behavior. Other things to note include: head tilts to one side, tripping, falling, unable to get up, unsteady, wobbling (appears drugged or drunk), legs buckle, confusion, lack of coordination, hearing loss, excessive drowsiness to stupor like behavior, seizures, involuntary eye movements, usually up and down, drooling, facial paralysis, exaggerated steps with front legs, depression, when walking, (high-stepping or goose steps), crossing of limbs while walking, vertigo, avoids stairs and dark corners, unable to focus on task, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting (due to motion sickness), and coma.

Most often, when the dog is at rest, or when they can focus visually on something on the horizon, the symptoms are not displayed or are not as pronounced.

Sources and Causes

The root sources of a puppy or dog’s ataxia are believed to be from: a genetic disorder (both parents carry the recessive gene), toxins, trauma, virus, seizures, ear infections, medications such as anti-seizure medications containing potassium bromide and phenobarbital. A growing number of veterinarians believe there may be a connection with dogs that have vestibular ataxia, to those that have received the antibiotics streptomycin, aminoglycoside and gentamicin.

Who Can Get Ataxia?

Puppies can be born with it, particularly should both parents be carriers of the recessive gene that causes it. Symptoms may be obvious in as early as 3-4 weeks of age. Others may develop it a bit later in life, and there are those who get it as late as their senior years, where it is referred to as Old Dog Vestibular Syndrome.

No breed is immune to ataxia. However, it most commonly it appears in: Airedale, American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Australian Kelpie, Border Collie, Brittany Spaniel, Chinese Crested, Coton de Tulear, English Pointer, Kerry Blue Terrier, Golden Retriever, Gordon Setter, hounds (all types), Jack Russell Terrier, Labrador Retriever, Miniature Poodle, Miniature Schnauzer, Old English Sheepdog, Parson Terrier, Rough Coat Collie.

Diagnosis

Currently there is no cure for ataxia. There are measures you can take to maintain the quality of your pet’s life, for as long as possible. Depending on how severe your individual case is or how quickly the disease progresses. Interestingly, older dogs seem to respond quite well from their particular version of the disorder. They may not act like puppies again, but they can often regain some of their former self.

Following a physical examination, concentrating on your dog’s medical history, known history of their parentage, the dog’s age, time of onset, how quickly the disorder has progressed, and blood work, your veterinarian will refer you to a neurologist should they believe your dog may have ataxia. The neurologist will most likely do a CT scan, MRI and draw spinal fluid, before offering you their diagnosis and recommendations for further plans of action or that final difficult decision.

What You Can Do To Help Your Dog

If your dog is suffering from ataxia, try to keep them from slippery flooring such as tile and hardwood. Even something as small as a scatter rug or mat, will help them get a grip while trying to stand. In the winter, try to avoid icy areas.

Keeping their muscles toned up is imperative. Make lengths of walks and types of exercise reasonable. Stop often, to give your dog a chance to rest. Swimming is a wonderful way to exercise and tone up your pet, without stressing the limbs. Be sure you’re in the pool to support and encourage them.

If possible, avoid stairs or carry them up and down.

Leave a small light on at night or in darker areas of the house, to help them navigate their way around.

Crate them, if they are to be left unsupervised for any great length of time. It will reduce the odds of them getting injured.

Basically, just be there for them, to assist whenever they need you.

Bottom line: The rate of progression and its severity will be the determining factor on how you treat this disease. Talk to your veterinarian and neurologist. Ask the hard questions.

Whenever possible, find out if a DNA test has been performed for ataxia, on both parents of a prospective puppy. Remember, it is a recessive gene; if both parents have it; odds are eventually you will be faced with this problem.

Neuter or spay a carrier. Do not breed a dog that you know is the carrier of that gene. It will only perpetuate the disorder.

Make life as comfortable as possible, for as long as you can for your dog. It may take a bit more effort and sacrifice on your part, however your pet will appreciate it.